Gleanings from the Writings of Baháʼu'lláh, Baháʼu'lláh's Persian Poems Written before 1863, Notes and Commentary on the Tablets of Baháʼu'lláh: Wilmette Institute study materials, Loom of Reality: A Partial Inventory of the Works of the Central Figures of the Bahá'í Faith, Displaying the Bahaʼi Faith: the pen is mightier than the sword, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_writings_of_Baháʼu%27lláh&oldid=1000290284, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Lawḥ-i-Kulluʼ-Ṭaʻám, "Tablet of All Food", Ṣaḥífiy-i-S͟haṭṭíyyih, "Book of the River [Tigris]", Lawh-i-Áyiy-i-Núr, "Tablet of the 'Light Verse'" [of the Qurʼan]), also known as Tafsír-i-Hurúfát-i-Muqatta'ih, "Commentary on the Isolated Letters", Madínatu'r-Ridá, "City of Radiance/Radiant Acquiescence", Shikkar-Shikan-Shavand, "Sweet Scented Being", Subhána-Rabbíya'l-A'lá, "Praise to the Exalted Lord", Az-Bágh-i-Iláhí, "From The Garden of Holiness", Lawh-i-Hawdaj, "Tablet of the Howdah [a seat for riding a camel]", Súriy-i-'Ibád, "Tablet of the Servants/People", Lawh-i-Laylatu'l-Quds, "Tablet of the Sacred Night", Mathnavíy-i-Mubárak, "Blessed Mathnaví [collection of poetry]", Lawh-i-Khalíl, "Tablet to Jinab-i Khalil ["the friend"]", Lawh-i-Ashraf, "Tablet to Ashraf ["the noble"]", Lawh-i-Nasír, "Tablet to Nasír ["the defender"]", Lawh-i-Napulyún, "First Tablet to Napoleon III", Lawh-i-Salmán II, "Second Tablet of Salmán", Lawh-i-Pisar-'Amm, "Tablet to the Cousin", This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 14:31. [19], In 1844, a 24-year-old man from Shiraz, Siyyid Mírzá ʻAlí-Muḥammad, claimed to be the promised redeemer (or Mahdi and Qaim) of Islam, taking the title of the Báb, which means "the gate". Baha’is consider this “progressive revelation” and refer to these prophets as “manifestations of God.” Such manifestations have included Krishna, Abraham, Moses, Zoroaster, Jesus, Muhammad, Buddha, and others. [49] In that latter letter, the rulers of the earth were asked to listen to Baháʼu'lláh's call, and cast away their material possessions, and since they were given the reins of government that they should rule with justice and protect the rights of the downtrodden. Bahá'u'lláh Has Appeared in God's Greatest Name "...By 'Greatest Name' is meant that Bahá'u'lláh has appeared in God's Greatest Name, in other words, that He is the Supreme Manifestation of God." The first years in Acre imposed very harsh conditions with many becoming sick, and eventually three Baháʼís dying. Bahá'u'lláh, whose name in Arabic translates as “the Glory of God,” claimed to have been anointed the “Promised One” for all the world's religions, the emissary who carried a message of world peace and unity for all of humankind. Bahá’u’lláh was the founder of the Baha'i Faith. The Baháʼí World Centre sits in nearby Haifa. The name Baha’u’llah is a title which means “the Glory of God,” fulfilling many passages of the Bible and other scriptures. The article Bahá'u'lláh on Wikipedia projects: (en) Bahá'u'lláh (ar) حسين علي نوري (es) Baha'ullah (fa) خطای سطح دسترسی (fr) Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri (hi) बहाउल्लाह (ja) バハー・ウッラー (ko) 바하올라 (pt) Bahá'u'lláh (ru) Бахаулла (ur) بہاء اللہ (zh) 巴哈欧拉 +/− [15] On 19 March 1856, after two years in Kurdistan he returned to Baghdad. The potency infused into all created things is the direct consequence of the revelation of this most blessed Name. [31], When Baháʼu'lláh returned to Baghdad he saw that the Bábí community had become disheartened and divided. [15] In contrast to Mírzá Yahyá, Baháʼu'lláh was outgoing and accessible, and he was seen by an increasing number of Bábís as a religious leader, rather than just an organizer, and became their center of devotion. Baháʼu'lláh wrote that there are no perfect personalities,[citation needed] that former Messengers of God reflected God's perfections, that there will be future Messengers of God, and that this is a key concept for understanding how all people are one with Messenger's of God. Baha’u’llah… The realm of religion is the realm of spirit, and for that reason … "[66] However, the understanding among Baháʼís is that writing in the voice of God is a literary style and represents a message coming through Baháʼu'lláh. [55][56], On 9 May 1892, Baháʼu'lláh contracted a slight fever which grew steadily over the following days, abated, and then finally resulted in his death on 29 May 1892 (Dhu'l Qa'dah 2, 1309 AH). [18][27] The confession of the would-be assassin had exonerated the Bábí leaders, and in the context of the continuing mass executions of Babis, the ambassador of Russia requested that Baháʼu'lláh and other persons apparently unconnected with the conspiracy be spared. The barber, Muhammad ʻAlí of Isfahán, apparently refused and spread word of the danger around the community. [5][6][7], The books and letters written by Baháʼu'lláh cover religious doctrine, the proclamation of his claims, social and moral teachings as well as Baháʼí laws; he also wrote many prayers. [75] After a meeting in Adrianople, the Hands of the Cause travelled to the conferences, "each bearing the precious trust of a photograph of the Blessed Beauty (Baháʼu'lláh), which it will be the privilege of those attending the Conferences to view".[76]. [16], He had 14 children, four daughters and ten sons, five of whom he outlived. [26] During this time many Bábís were killed, and many more, including Baháʼu'lláh, were imprisoned in the Síyáh-Chál ("black pit"), an underground dungeon of Tehran. A selection of passages from the Writings of Bahá’u’lláh, compiled and translated by Shoghi Effendi, including extracts from Epistle to the Son of the Wolf, the Kitáb-i-Íqán, and the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, as well as other Tablets. All across the continent, Baha’is are learning to put into practice the unifying teachings of Baha’u’llah to create distinctive spiritual communities. Peace More Than an End to War : Selections from the Writings of Baha'u'llah, the Bab, Abdu'l-Baha, Shoghi Effendi, and the Universal House of Justice Bahá'u'lláh $ 6.29 - $ 6.39 [11][12] According to the Baháʼí author John Able, Baháʼís also consider Baháʼu'lláh to have been "descended doubly, from both Abraham and Sarah, and separately from Abraham and Keturah". [citation needed] The Báb and thousands of followers were executed by the Iranian authorities for their beliefs. Those piercing eyes seemed to read one's very soul; power and authority sat on that ample brow; while the deep lines on the forehead and face implied an age which the jet-black hair and beard flowing down in indistinguishable luxuriance almost to the waist seemed to belie. [38] Baháʼu'lláh stayed in Adrianople for four and a half years, and was the clear leader of the newly established Bábí community there. Bahá'u'lláh's father was suggested, and was sent for. [31], After his return to Baghdad, Baháʼu'lláh tried to revive the Bábí community, mostly through correspondence, writing extensively to give the Bábís a new understanding of the Bábí religion,[31] while keeping his perceived station as the one promised by the Báb and a Manifestation of God hidden. Copies of both pictures are at the Baháʼí World Centre, and one is on display in the International Archives building, where the Baháʼís view it as part of an organized pilgrimage. [58][59] The Manifestations of God, as explained by Baháʼu'lláh, are not incarnations of God; they reveal God's attributes, not God's essence. Now sometimes while I meditate I repeat the name Bahá'u… [49] The Christian monarchs were also asked to be faithful to Jesus' call to follow the promised "Spirit of Truth". [18] The following years until 1850 saw the Bábís being massacred in various provinces after the Báb publicly made his claim of being the Manifestation of God. [40] In contemporary accounts, Mirza Yahya is reported to have tried to have Baháʼu'lláh assassinated by a local barber. He was a devout Shi'a Muslim, and by the age of 13 or 14 He di… Deadly though it is, it possesseth the power of exerting, under certain conditions, a beneficial influence. From 1877 until 1879 Baháʼu'lláh lived in the house of Mazra'ih. His burial place is a destination of pilgrimage for his followers, as well as the direction they face for daily obligatory prayers. [36] He referred to the period of messianic secrecy between when he claimed to have seen the Maiden of Heaven in the Síyáh-Chál and his declaration as the ayyam-i butun ("Days of Concealment"). [58], Baháʼu'lláh is believed to be a descendant of a long line of kings in Persia through Yazdgerd III, the last monarch of the Sasanian Dynasty;[11] he also asserted to be a descendant of Abraham through his third wife Keturah.[67]. [31], On 10 April 1854, without telling anyone of his intention or destination, Baháʼu'lláh left his family to the care of his brother Mirza Musa and travelled with one companion to the mountains of Kurdistan, northeast of Baghdad, near the city of Sulaymaniyah. One of the main themes during this time was the proclamation of his claimed mission; he instructed some of his followers to take his claims to Bábís in Iran and Iraq who had not heard of his statements, as well as asking the Baháʼís to be united and detached from the world. Although not a formal prisoner yet, the forced exile from Baghdad was the beginning of a long process which would gradually move him into further exiles and eventually to the penal colony of Acre, in Ottoman province Syria. [20], The Báb claimed no finality for his revelation. [18][25], When violence started between the Bábís and the Qajar government in the later part of 1848, Baháʼu'lláh tried to reach the besieged Bábís at the Shaykh Tabarsi in Mazandaran, but was arrested and imprisoned before he could get there. His mother was Khadíjih Khánum and His father was Mírzá Buzurg. Bahá’u’lláh’s given name was Ḥusayn ‘Alí. Shaykh ʻUthmán, Shaykh ʻAbdu'r-Rahmán, and Shaykh Ismá'íl, leaders of the Naqshbandíyyih, Qádiríyyih, and Khálidíyyih Orders respectively, began to seek his advice. [73], Baháʼu'lláh's image is not in itself offensive to Baháʼís. "Glory" is a word that means "importance", "power", and "beauty". After Baháʼu'lláh died on 29 May 1892, the Will and Testament of Baháʼu'lláh named his son ʻAbdu'l-Bahá as Centre of the Covenant, successor and interpreter of Baháʼu'lláh's writings,[68][69] and the appointment was readily accepted by almost all Baháʼís, since the appointment was written and unambiguous, and ʻAbdu'l-Bahá had proved himself a capable and devoted assistant. [citation needed] Baháʼu'lláh faced exile from his native Iran, and in Baghdad in 1863 claimed to be the prophet the Báb foretold. Early life. Other transliterations of this Name are Bahaullah and Baha Allah. Outside of this experience Baháʼís prefer not to view his photos in public, or even to display any of them in their private homes,[72] and Baháʼí institution strongly suggests to use an image of Baháʼu'lláh's burial shrine instead. Iranian prophet Bahá'u'lláh (1817-1892) founded the Baha'i faith in nineteenth-century Iran. [2] Baháʼu'lláh's eschatological claims constitute six distinctive messianic identifications: Baháʼu'lláh wrote in many styles including cases where he speaks as if he was instructed by God to bring a message; in other cases he writes in the first-person as God speaking, garnering some criticism that he was claiming to be God incarnated. Baha’is follow the teachings of Baha’u’llah, the Divine Educator sent by God to provide spiritual guidance for this modern era. According to the Báb, this personage, promised in the sacred writings of previous religions, would establish the kingdom of God on the Earth;[20][22] several of the Báb's writings state the coming of Him whom God shall make manifest would be imminent. In 1890, the Cambridge orientalist Edward Granville Browne had an interview with Baháʼu'lláh in this house. ×, Baháʼu'lláh (/bəˈhɑːʊˌlɑː/) was born Mírzá Ḥusayn-ʻAlí Núrí (Persian: میرزا حسین‌علی نوری‎) on 12 November 1817 (Muharram 2, 1233 AH), in Tehran, the capital of Persia, present-day Iran. These and other stories of indomitable spirit, courage, steadfastness and self-abnegation are the subject of this book on the Knights of Bahá’u’lláh, those Bahá’ís who left their homes to bring the message of Bahá’u’lláh to countries and territories where it was unknown, and whose names … [40] After his public announcement, Baháʼu'lláh secluded himself in his house and instructed the Bábís to choose between himself and Mirza Yahya. [4] The Persian government asked the Ottoman government to extradite Baháʼu'lláh to Persia, but the Ottoman government refused and instead chose to move Baháʼu'lláh from the sensitive border region to Constantinople. The word/name ‘Bahaullah’ means Glory of God in Arabic. [57], Baháʼu'lláh stated that he was a messenger of God, and he used the term Manifestation of God to define the concept of an intermediary between humanity and God. Consider the effect of poison. Another spelling is Baha'u'llah (without diacritics). [27], In Baghdad, given the lack of firm and public leadership by Mirza Yahya, the Babi community had fallen into disarray. [18], After the Báb was executed in 1850, a group of Tehran Bábís, headed by a Bábí known as Azim, who was previously a Shaykhi cleric, plotted an assassination plan against the Shah Nasser-al-Din Shah, in retaliation for the Báb's execution. Baháʼu'lláh also taught that the cycles of revelatory renewal will continue in the future, with Manifestations of God appearing about every thousand years. [34] It was to the second of these that the Four Valleys was written. Mírzá Muḥammad ʻAlí's actions, however, were rejected by the majority of the Baháʼís. Mírzá Yahyá's leadership was controversial. "Bahá’u’lláh is not the Intermediary between other Manifestations and God. The one where he looks at the camera was taken for passport purposes and is reproduced in William Miller's book on the Baháʼí Faith. [37] The declaration in the Garden of Ridván was the beginning of a new phase in the Bábí community which led to the emergence of the Baháʼí Faith as a distinctive movement separate from Bábísm.[38]. After this meeting he wrote his famous pen-portrait of Baháʼu'lláh: In the corner where the divan met the wall sat a wondrous and venerable figure, crowned with a felt head-dress of the kind called táj by dervishes (but of unusual height and make), round the base of which was wound a small white turban. [49] He also started to write about distinctive Baháʼí beliefs and practices. The name Bahá'u'lláh is Arabic and means "The Glory of God." Download Free Baha’i Music. Acre) is the Creator of all things and the one who brought all names into being'. Baháʼu'lláh agreed, and went to the Sultan Selim mosque at the appointed time, but Mirza Yahya lost credibility when he failed to show up. After the death of his father, Baháʼu'lláh was asked to take a government post by the new vizier Hajji Mirza Aqasi, but declined. 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