... Reasons for Humanity to Go Back to the Moon. This initial burst of commercial interest could provide the incentive and finance needed for our first forays into establishing a permanent human presence on the moon. Eating steak, consuming meat, drinking pints of egg whites is what makes you able to go that extra mile. 5 Reasons Why You Shouldn't Go International With Your Business. Definitely will happen 3) Cost- if NASA does it then it costs taxpayers. The moon is an inactive world – no major geological changes have occurred in the last three billion years. It's definitely possible, given how long ago Mars had an ocean and was primed for life. Mars also can't support a thick enough atmosphere for humans because it doesn't have the same magnetic field as Earth does. A member of the Apollo 11 mission in 1969, Buzz Aldrin was the second man to walk on the moon. Can people go to Mars? Unlike the movie, however, dust storms are not likely to strand a real astronaut on Mars. We’ve only scratched the surface of our moon’s potential interest to humanity. I agree Mars isn't going anywhere but in 100 years the situation on Earth will have gone a long way. The Advantages of Going to Mars From a Scientific Point of View. Mars is too far. Read full article. In the '60s, there was a race to the moon. By testing human tolerances on the moon first and developing technology and experience, further exploration of Mars or beyond will be far more practical. The arguments above show that we are perhaps not ready to go to Mars – at least, not today. Cold. Before we can take another giant leap into space, it might be worth taking some small steps closer to home. Chris McKay, a planetary scientist at NASA’s Ames Research Center, maintains that the only plausible economic motivation for a Martian colony is for it to serve as a government base, downplaying the possibility of either tourism or mining operations playing that role. Robert Zubrin of the Mars Society says there are three reasons we should go to Mars: the science, the challenge, the future. Pound for pound, liquid hydrogen blocks cosmic rays 2.5 times better than aluminum does. If anything unexpected occurs, resupply or rescue is over two years away. Sorry Elon Musk, but it's now clear that colonising Mars is unlikely – and a bad idea. 10. If yes, when do the summer sales start? It seems that we’re more likely to establish a base on the moon before Mars. The first close-up images of the moon’s surface, from 1966. Imagine living on another planet, millions of miles from the Earth; looking up into the sky with the knowledge that one of the 'stars' is actually the planet you were born on. Due to the moon’s weaker gravitational field, the same journey from the lunar surface would “only” require a speed of 6,500mph (2.9km/s). “During this time virtually all Antarctic bases were [government] science research bases in accordance with the Antarctic Treaty. Many spacecraft have died trying to get to Mars. Can people go to Mars? Cucinotta believes so. This isotope is rare on Earth but abundant on the moon where it could be mined, something which has already attracted interest from a number of businesses and governments willing to ship it to Earth. Write an article and join a growing community of more than 119,500 academics and researchers from 3,844 institutions. While such plans are exciting, they also happen to be technologically impossible right now. Extreme Distance From Earth. “There is hardly any water,” said Nye, “[and] there’s … 1.”Bro – plants are not going to get me gains.” And from the outside, you can see why, right? Surely, consuming nothing but a plant based diet is somehow…lesser. But at the time, the best reason was it was a battle in the Cold War that we won. This is roughly one third of that necessary to reach the International Space Station from Earth. Ten Reasons NOT to Live on Mars - Great Place to Explore. A panel of four applicants answered questions from the audience about their reasons for wanting to go to Mars without a return ticket. A round-trip to Mars would take about 18 months, and there isn’t enough room on current spacecraft to carry all the food, water, and other items humans would need to survive. The sulphur from troilite can be extracted and combined with lunar soil to produce a building material stronger than Portland Cement, meaning a settlement could be constructed on the moon using locally sourced material. This mission revealed the barren lunar landscape in fine detail for the first time. Getting to Mars will be prohibitively expensive, and figuring out a method of paying for the project isn’t so easy. This was the first successful landing on Mars since the Viking probes of the late 1970s. The most famous being Apollo 11 in July 1969 which resulted in the first human presence on the moon. Trying to go to Mars is an exponentially more … The arguments above show that we are perhaps not ready to go to Mars – at least, not today. Mars is an obvious target for exploration because it is close by in our Solar System, but there are many more reasons to explore the Red Planet. Mars is pollen free. There’s very little water and absolutely no food. While this has its own benefits, most would agree that the red planet is more interesting — even if it’s harder to reach. Beyond some unknown future economic potential that Mars could provide that the Earth simply could not, once you go past the scientific/adventure angles, there's really only one compelling reason to go to Mars - survival of the species. The time it takes for humans to reach Mars is 9 … So is not cold all the time, but the average temperature is similar to Antarctica, and it has these huge temperature swings of 70 °C, sometimes more, between day and night, just about every day. The mineral troilite, an iron-sulphur compound rare on Earth, is also present in the lunar crust. Post Doctoral Research Associate in Space Science, Nottingham Trent University. A few centuries after terraforming, Mars could have an atmosphere as breathable as that on Earth. But it’s really not. Imagine living on another planet, millions of miles from the Earth; looking up into the sky with the knowledge that one of the 'stars' is actually the planet you were born on. Nottingham Trent University provides funding as a member of The Conversation UK. Five reasons to forget Mars for now and return to the moon August 20, 2018 6.10am EDT ... a now predominant view that the moon formed from a giant impact on the Earth some 4.5 … An artist's concept of what a Mission to Mars might look like. “I think it makes sense to go to Mars with humans to test technologies and to do scientific experiments — a short term visit or visits,” she told Futurism. NASA’s Human Research Program (HRP) outlines some of the major challenges facing our astronauts for the journey to Mars. “The analogy here is the Antarctic bases from 1955 to about 1990,” he told Futurism. Cucinotta believes so. But there are a few reasons we should continue to stay put, at least for a little while longer. The Genesis Rock was formed at least four billion years ago, during the birth of our solar system. When the the first Apollo mission landed on the moon they only had 30 seconds of fuel left, 30 SECONDS! If SpaceX or some other space exploration company does it, then it is paid for by investors, not taxpayers. The space agency also says that scientific advancements that humanity gains from such a … When the the first Apollo mission landed on the moon they only had 30 seconds of fuel left, 30 SECONDS! That reason is That we almost did not achieve the Moon manned missions. No traffic on Mars, Your commute will consist of getting out of your sleeping pod in … Ok we're onto the second reason why we should not go to Mars. Bill Anders, lunar module pilot of Apollo 8, the first human spaceflight to leave Earth's orbit, said sending crews to Mars was "almost ridiculous". Since then, however, our gaze has shifted away from the moon and onto Mars. It would take well over a year to get there, work there and come back. EARTH DOESN'T NEED A 'BACKUP' PLANET. “Establishing a colony on Mars is incredibly technically challenging and expensive,” University of Michigan’s Aaron Ridley told Futurism. Some advanced spacecraft designs call for big tanks of liquid hydrogen fuel, so "we could protect the crew from radiation by wrapping the fuel tank around their living space," speculates Cucinotta. Such observatories could be maintained and upgraded by a human presence on the moon far more easily than an orbiting telescope. He argued that while the red planet is certainly “scientifically interesting,” the enormous costs associated with a permanent station make it unlikely, especially given that establishing a colony wouldn’t be a solution to a problem like overpopulation. The Apollo 15 mission of 1971, for example, recovered the so-called “Genesis Rock”, one of the oldest rock samples ever found from a crater on the moon. The Moon is almost certainly sterile, so such concerns are moot. Mars, as close as it is, is a planet too far. Mars, as close as it is, is a planet too far. Why not go to Mars now to start learning how we could live there so we have some kind of backup plan. 5 undeniable reasons humans need to colonize Mars -- even though it's going to cost billions. These space pioneers broadened our understanding of Earth and the universe. The reasons for sending humans to Mars fall within the following categories: 1. It would take well over a year to get there, work there and come back. The current record for Mars missions is 18 successes, and 25 failures. If Americans do not go to Mars… However, there's another challenge: time. It gets warm at midday, briefly, can go over 0 °C. One of the biggest obstacles standing in the path of a human colony on Mars is the price tag. There's been a recent uptick in the idea of a human mission to Mars. The scientific reasons for going to Mars can be summarised by the search for life, understanding the surface and the planet’s evolution, and preparing for future human exploration. However, a recent study cast doubt on the idea, concluding that terraforming is impossible with present technology. The authors do not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and have disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. One of the major hurdles for a Mars mission is understanding how human health is affected by a long-term voyage into space. Walking outside on Mars is not that much different from walking on the moon, from a life support systems perspective. Elon Musk has been known to reiterate the importance … If astronauts travel to Mars, they'll go much farther into space than any human has gone before. MERCH IS OUT: https://society-of-randommerch.offersupermarket.com/ S̲U̲B̲S̲C̲R̲I̲B̲E̲ TO THESE PEEPS!! If we are serious about inhabiting worlds outside of earth, then mars is too far for the first jumping off point. The Martian atmosphere has only 1% of the air pressure of Earth. In the 1990s, after a string of failures, Mars Pathfinder delivered the first rover onto the surface of Mars. An artist's rendition of SpaceX's interplanetary transport system approaching Mars carrying a crew. Bill Nye’s 5 reasons we can’t live on Mars. Part of Curiosity's mission is to search for oil, or natural gas, or anything that could be used as fuel. Improving the quality of life on Earth. 1. The challenges are formidable. A hundred people - “The Mars 100” - have been chosen by Mars One as the longlist in their selection process for a one-way trip to Mars. To overcome the pull of gravity and reach another body in space you need to achieve a certain speed. You hate traffic. Life, Part 2: Life! You have pollen allergies. The thin atmosphere is also a nightmare for landing on Mars. The end result would be a planet that looked like Earth, was warm enough to not kill us and with a bearable pressure. All the Reasons Why Humans Shouldn’t Colonize Mars, According to Experts Just Visiting. "Only by pushing mankind to its limits, to the bottoms of the … Copyright © 2010–2021, The Conversation US, Inc. Seasonal check. With colonising Mars on hold, it’s a good time to reevaluate the relationship we have with our nearest cosmic neighbour, the moon. Humanity has flown people into outer space and landed them on the moon. So why, then, have humans not been to Mars YET? Chris Burns - Nov 20, 2018, 2:53pm CST. Obama shifted NASA's focus from sending people to the Moon and Mars to, ultimately, just Mars. Beyond some unknown future economic potential that Mars could provide that the Earth simply could not, once you go past the scientific/adventure angles, there's really only one compelling reason to go to Mars - survival of the species. Cold. We need to first update our policies on planetary protection and apply them fairly to … The moon also possesses a wealth of mineral resources, including valuable metals and the ingredients for rocket fuel, which is produced by breaking down water ice (recently confirmed on the moon’s surface) into hydrogen fuel and oxidiser. Not only is Mars very far away, it also lacks breathable air, usable water, and protection from the sun. This requires large rockets, tonnes of fuel, and complex orbital manoeuvring. If Americans do not go to Mars, someone else will. So here I will count down “Houston style,” my top 5 reasons why space exploration is important for the world. ... "I think we should instead ask much more forcefully this question how do we go about developing the developed world? 4) Robots can travel to … "Prior plans [to go to Mars] said we have to bring all this water," said space physicist Jim Green, Nasa's director of planetary exploration. Establishing a lunar base from which to launch deep space missions would massively increase the payload to fuel ratio, allowing us to explore the solar system at a fraction of the current cost and effort. We live in an age where we could go out and find other places to expand. After ~1990 tourism started to grow. She added that space tourism is unlikely to serve this purpose. NASA warns people that a human mission to Mars will be difficult and the potential for disaster is a high. He listed three main advantages: its similarity to Earth in terms of planetary processes and history, the possibility of life, and the potential for terraforming the planet. But there are a few reasons we should continue to stay put, at least for a little while longer. Unless you have already maxed out the market share for your products here in the U.S.- … The planet's air pressure is 1/99th that of Earth's, not enough to damage major equipment. The pictures that the probe returned set the public’s imagination aflame, stoking interest in new missions to the red planet. “I would agree that Mars is a much more scientifically interesting place,” said Ridley, although he acknowledges that he wouldn’t make a beeline for the planet. 10. A journey to Mars from Earth’s surface requires a minimum total speed of nearly 30,000mph (approximately 13.1km/s). Pound for pound, liquid hydrogen blocks cosmic rays 2.5 times better than aluminum does. 1) fuel, payload, weight issue not yet solved 2) radiation on Mars will kill the astronauts. Since the dawn of the space age, there have been over 60 successful missions to the moon, including eight that were manned. “It is really because we have an innate desire to explore.”, Amanda Hendrix, a senior scientist at the Planetary Science Institute, shares a similar opinion on the prospect of a permanent Martian settlement. The first successful lander on the moon was the Russian spacecraft Luna 9 in 1966. Tom Toles. As for your ideas on reasons to go or not go, I heartily concur. We don’t know if our bodies will survive the flight. Still, despite the fact that a fully-fledged colony might not be the wisest direction for a prospective space program, there’s still plenty we could learn from the planet. 5. Professor Stephen Hawking is eager to see us search for a new planet to call home. NASA is developing the capabilities needed to send humans to an asteroid by 2025 and Mars in the 2030s – goals outlined in the bipartisan NASA Authorization Act of 2010 and in the U.S. National Space Policy, also issued in 2010. Five reasons to forget Mars for now and return to the moon August 20, 2018 6.10am EDT ... a now predominant view that the moon formed from a giant impact on the Earth some 4.5 … “There have been a lot of clues we’ve seen that there is potentially life on Mars, but the only way to find out is really to go there,” he told The Huffington Post during a community event held by NASA on Wednesday in New York City. The root of the answer is that the scale of what a trip to Mars is incredibly big and complex. 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